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Over the years of practicing Special Education Law, I have seen certain themes arise time and time again.  There are certainly differences among them.  But as Mark Twain said, “History Doesn’t Repeat Itself, but It Often Rhymes.”  I’ll be posting an ongoing series of blog posts dedicated to some of the common themes I see.  […]

New Statistics on Graduation Rates in New York City for Children with Disabilities

Do you know what the New York City graduation rates are for children with disabilities?  The National Center for Educational Statistics just came out with their annual Public high school 4-year adjusted cohort graduation rates (ACGR).  The report lists graduation rates (students who earned a “regular high school diploma”) by race/ethnicity and selected demographic groups, […]


The Epic Battle of IEP vs. 504

Parents often ask me whether they should push for a 504 Plan or an IEP (Individualized Education Program).  The answer is, as you may have guessed — It depends.  To answer this question, we must understand what exactly are 504 Plans and IEPs.  The name “504 plan” comes from Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act […]


Understanding your child’s Standardized Testing

I have been meaning to write this piece on interpreting standardized test scores for quite some time.  Now that IEP season is heating up, this is the perfect time.  I always say that it all comes down to solid evaluations.  Without them, you can’t identify your child’s strengths and weaknesses and therefore will not be […]